Feb.2023 09
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Long range video transmitter, or VTX
Introduction
A Long-Range Video Transmitter, often referred to as a Video Transmitter (VTX), is a crucial component in a drone's setup, especially for long-range flights. It allows you to transmit live video feed from your drone's camera to your remote control or ground station over considerable distances. Choosing the right long-range VTX is important for maintaining a stable and clear video signal during extended flights.
Details



A Long-Range Video Transmitter, often referred to as a Video Transmitter (VTX), is a crucial component in a drone's setup, especially for long-range flights. It allows you to transmit live video feed from your drone's camera to your remote control or ground station over considerable distances. Choosing the right long-range VTX is important for maintaining a stable and clear video signal during extended flights. Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a long-range VTX:

**1. Output Power:**

- VTXs come with different power output options, typically measured in milliwatts (mW). Higher output power generally results in longer transmission ranges but can also consume more battery power and potentially cause interference with other devices. Common power levels are 25mW, 200mW, 600mW, and 1000mW.

**2. Frequency Bands and Channels:**

- Ensure the VTX supports the frequency band and channels that are legal and commonly used in your region. Many VTXs offer adjustable frequency and channel settings to avoid interference with other pilots.

**3. Video Quality and Frequency:**

- Look for VTXs that support the video quality you desire, such as analog (PAL or NTSC) or digital (HD, DJI HD FPV).

- Consider the frequency at which the VTX operates. Lower frequency ranges might provide better penetration through obstacles, while higher frequencies might offer clearer video but with reduced penetration.

**4. Smart Audio or Tramp:**

- Some VTXs offer features like Smart Audio or Tramp Telemetry, which allow you to remotely change VTX settings, such as frequency and power output, directly from your transmitter.

**5. Heat Dissipation and Cooling:**

- Choose a VTX with good heat dissipation and cooling mechanisms, especially for long-range flights where the VTX may be operating at higher power levels for extended periods.

**6. Antenna Connector:**

- Ensure that the VTX has the appropriate antenna connector (SMA or RP-SMA) to match your drone's antenna setup.

**7. Integration with Flight Controller:**

- Some flight controllers have built-in VTX control capabilities, allowing you to change VTX settings through the flight controller software.

**8. Legal and Regulatory Considerations:**

- Be aware of the legal limits and regulations regarding VTX power output and frequency bands in your country. Exceeding legal limits can result in interference with other devices and penalties.

**9. Brand Reputation and Reviews:**

- Opt for VTXs from reputable brands known for producing reliable and high-quality components.

- Read reviews and gather feedback from other drone pilots who have used the specific VTX models you're considering.

**10. Price and Budget:**

- Set a budget for your VTX, considering that investing in a quality long-range transmitter can help ensure stable and clear video signals during your flights.

By carefully evaluating these factors and understanding your drone's requirements, you can choose a long-range video transmitter that provides reliable and stable video transmission for your extended-range flights.